In vitro fertilization (IVF) was introduced in the late 1970s and the technology has evolved significantly over the last thirty years. IVF is the fertilization of the egg with the sperm in the laboratory. It has a wide range of applications including severe male factor, low egg reserve, blocked fallopian tubes, history of genetic diseases in parents necessitating the testing of embryos and unexplained infertility.
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Assisted hatching is a technique to improve implantation and pregnancy rates following IVF. When there is little or no sperm in the ejaculate, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) can be performed to accomplish fertilization. Patients with Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) are often treated with IVF drugs.