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ICSI

ICSI

INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION (ICSI)

The procedure of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) involves direct injection of a single sperm into an egg under the microscope, and its successful performance requires a high level of technical expertise in the IVF laboratory. When there is little or no sperm in the ejaculate (oligo or azoospermia), ICSI can be performed to accomplish fertilization with sperm obtained through microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA), testicular sperm extraction (TESE) or testicular sperm aspiration (TESA). Some of the indications for ICSI include low sperm count or abnormal sperm parameters, congenital absence of the vas deferens, obstruction of the vas deferens (such as following vasectomy or trauma), testicular failure, erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory problems or a history of prior poor fertilization.